Les effets de compétition lors de la reconnaissance des mots parlés: quand l'inhibition bottom-up joue un rôle.
Sophie Dufour, Ronald Peereman.

In two experiments, we examined lexical competition effects using the phonological priming paradigm in a repetition task. Experiment 1 showed that inhibitory priming effect occurs when the primes mismatched the targets on the last phoneme (/bagaR/–/bagaj/). In contrast, a facilitatory priming effect was observed when the primes mismatched the targets on the medial phoneme (/viRaj/-vilaj/). Experiment 2 replicated theses findings with primes presented visually rather than auditorily. The data thus indicate that the position of the mismatching phoneme is a critical factor in determining the competition effect in phonological priming. Such an observation suggests that both bottom-up inhibition and lexical competition are involved in the word recognition process.