Reconnaissance de parole non native fondée sur l'utilisation de confusion phonétique et de contraintes graphèmiques
ghazi bouselmi, dominique fohr, irina illina, jean-paul haton.

This paper presents a fully automated approach for the recognition of non native speech based on acoustic model modification. For a native language (LM) and a spoken language (LP), pronunciation variants of the phones of LP are automatically extracted from an existing non native database. These variants are stored in a confusion matrix between phones of LP and sequences of phones of LM. This confusion concept deals with the problem of non existence of match between some LM and LP phones. The confusion matrix is then used to modify the acoustic models (HMMs) of LP phones by integrating corresponding LM phone models as alternative HMM paths. We introduce graphemic contraints in the confusion extraction process. We claim that prononciation errors may depend on the graphemes related to each phone. The modified ASR system achieved a significant improvement varying between 20.3% and 43.2% (relative) in "sentence error rate" and between 26.6% and 50.0% (relative) in "word error rate". The introduction of graphemic contraints in the phonetic confusion allowed improvements while using the word-loop grammar.